He argues that “advanced industrial society” created false needs, which integrated individuals into the existing system of production and consumption via mass media, advertising, industrial management, and contemporary modes of thought.
This results in a “one-dimensional” universe of thought and behavior, in which aptitude and ability for critical thought and oppositional behavior wither away. Against this prevailing climate, Marcuse promotes the “great refusal” (described at length in the book) as the only adequate opposition to all-encompassing methods of control. Much of the book is a defense of “negative thinking” as a disrupting force against the prevailing positivism.
It is very hard to realize this one-dimensionality. Most people see themselves are ordinary, ‘normal’, simply living their lives as they see fit. Picking their shopping each week, picking their apps and living with them, getting children or not, picking a partner, or a partner for a couple of years. Most people see themselves as an individual, with its own specific wishes and desires and wants and needs.
But of course most people are shaped through the same industrial society with its mass media, advertising, industrial management and contemporary modes of thought. Most people are extremely alike.
And again, given Russia's information environment today, it's just incredibly brave to be publishing this. @novaya_gazeta even has an interactive map of the fighting all over Ukraine. None of this is on Russian state TV. pic.twitter.com/aq77qKQDuk
It is a good thing, a necessary thing, to have historians write about the events of the present that will one day be another era's history. A reliable portal to perspective beyond the panic of news-cycle manipulation, perhaps our only one https://t.co/nZPuWoq6zY HT @debbiemillman
Poetins nucleaire dreiging, de hele puinhoop, de gruwelijke misdaad, begint tot de Russen door te dringen. Ik ben de hele dag aan de lijn met wanhopigen, ze vrezen dat snel de grens geheel dichtgaat. Dan is Rusland weer, net als in de USSR, de grootste gevangenis op aarde. https://t.co/atAPGfKsap
At least 829 detained at antiwar protests in Russia today. The numbers don't seem that impressive, but consider that people are coming out for the 4th day now despite facing almost certain arrest & having no way to coordinate or even gather in one spot pic.twitter.com/CWiElr5EaW
An interesting reading about the nature of time. He dismantles time taking apart four different aspects of time:
Time is different in different areas of the universe, depending on the gravity experienced in that specific place.
Now is a moment only experienced in small space in the universe. When we look at an event on Jupiter, we can only see it on this earth two hours after it has happened.
Entropy always grows towards the future.
Order is in the eye of the observer.
While i was looking into this video, i discovered Carlo Rovelli, the speaker, wrote a book The Order of Time published in 2018. I haven’t ordered it, but i might. I will look into this for a day or so longer.
A few years ago i saw the Tegenlicht documentary De aarde draait door (The earth turns on). The subject of this documentary is Paul Kingsnorth, who currently lives in Ireland with his family on his self sufficient farm. A year ago he went through a conversion to Christianity, after learning from Buddhism, witchcraft and other corners through the past thirty or something years.
I was just walking to my chair when I was overcome entirely. Suddenly, I could see how everyone in the room was connected to everyone else, and I could see what was going on inside them and inside myself. I was overcome with a huge and inexplicable love, a great wave of empathy, for everyone and everything. It kept coming and coming until I had to stagger out of the room and sit down in the corridor outside. Everything was unchanged, and everything was new, and I knew what had happened and who had done it, and I knew that it was too late. I had just become a Christian.
It reminds me of a talk i had with my nephew years and years ago, i was 13 or 14 years old. We talked about the bible. For him the bible was a true and moral high standing book. For me it was a history, not a moral story.
I was wrong of course!
I am not a Christian myself. But my old beliefs are falling apart. My old beliefs of left-wing feminist thoughts and scientific non-mythical words. I am not sure where i stand. But i don’t stand at the same place anymore.
I almost envy Kingsnorth in that he has finally found something worth fighting for in Christianity. I am interested in his whole life, but it is also quite a task to get to know each aspect of it. If i ever do.
There are still so many people around the world who i am interested in.